Topkapi Palace

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Topkapi Palace

Topkapı Palace is the residence of the Ottoman sultans, the administrative and educational center of the state. The Ottoman sultans and the people of the palace lived until the middle of the 19th century in the palace built by the Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror of Istanbul between the years 1460-1478 and some additions were made in time. In the early 1850s, the sultans moved to Dolmabahçe Palace because the current palace was insufficient to meet the requirements of the 19th century state protocol and ceremonies. However, the treasury treasure, sacred relics and imperial archives were preserved in the Topkapı Palace, and state ceremonies continued to be held here because it was a paternal stove and holy relics. Topkapı Palace was converted into a museum on 3 April 1924 by order of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

After the conquest, Fatih Sultan Mehmed built a palace in Beyazıt, where today’s Istanbul University is located, which will later be referred to as the old palace. After this first palace, Fatih built the Tiled Kiosk and then Topkapı Palace, where it will be settled when its construction is completed. Fatih named this palace “Saray-ı Cedid” which means “new palace” in Ottoman. The new palace was called Topkapı Palace as follows: The large wooden beach palace built by Sultan Mahmud I near the Byzantine walls and called the “Topkapusu Beach Palace” because of the salute balls in front of it, the name of this palace was given to the new palace. Ottoman state philosophy and Palace-subject relations have played a major role in determining the plan of the Topkapı Palace, which has been developing and growing for centuries. In addition, during the first time of Topkapı, Fatih Sultan Mehmed’s father, Sultan II. It is known that Murad was built by the Tunca River and inspired not only by the plan of the Edirne Palace, which has reached the ruins, but also by its splendor.

The plan of Topkapı Palace consists of apartments reserved for state affairs between various courtyards and gardens, buildings and mansions that are the residence of the ruler and buildings for the officials living in the Palace. Built on the Byzantine acropolis in Sarayburnu, located at the tip of the Istanbul peninsula, between the Marmara Sea, the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn, the Palace was surrounded by 1400 meters long “Sur-ı Sultani” with high tender walls from the land and by the sea with Byzantine walls. The area covered by the Palace is about 700,000 square meters. An important part of this area is reserved for Hasbahçe. Topkapı Palace consists of two organizations, basically Bîrun and Enderun. Harem is a part of Enderun. The residence plan, ceremonies and venues of the Palace are arranged according to this organization. Topkapı Palace consists of three main gates named Bâb-ı Hümâyun, Bâbüsselâm and Bâbüssaâde, four courtyards, Harem, Hasbahçe (Gülhane) and gardens. Topkapı Palace is a modest palace, the great spending of the empire was mostly made for magnificent mosques, barracks, bridges, caravanserais and accommodation facilities. Even the famous architect of the 16th century, Mimar Sinan, has built only one section in this palace. But, as well as the palace’s unique buildings, exquisite tiles and nature intertwined structure, its location in Sarayburnu gives it a natural beauty and splendor. On the other hand, Topkapı Palace’s historical palace built with extraordinary rich collections and very interesting stories has made this palace one of the most worth seeing palaces in the world.

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