Dolmabahçe Palace

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29January

Dolmabahçe Palace

Dolmabahçe Palace was built by the thirty-first Ottoman sultan Sultan Abdulmecid (1839-1861). The Palace, the construction of which started on 13 June 1843, was opened to use on 7 June 1856 with the completion of the surrounding walls. The main structure of the palace consists of three sections: Mâbeyn-i Hümâyûn (Selâmlık), Muâyede Hall (Ceremonial Hall) and Harem-i Hümâyûn. Mâbeyn-i Hümâyûn; government administration affairs, Harem-i Hümâyûn; The private life of the Sultan and his family and the Muhayye Hall located between these two sections; It is reserved for the sultan’s feast with state notables and for state ceremonies. The main building has three stories with the basement along the section parallel to the sea. In the section extending to the land side where the harem flats are located, it has a four-storey building feature with its attic floors. The apparent western influences observed in form, details and ornaments are a reflection of the aesthetic values ​​that have changed in the last period of the empire. On the other hand, in terms of space organization, room and hall relations, the traditional Turkish House plan type is a whole structure where the plan type is applied in great dimensions. Stone was used on the exterior, brick on the inner walls and wood on the floor coverings. Electricity and heating system was added to Dolmabahçe Palace, which keeps up with the technology of the age, between 1910-1912. The palace has 45.000 square meters of usable floor area, 285 rooms, 43 halls, 68 toilets and 6 baths. Mâbeyn, where the Sultan carried out state affairs; It is the most important part of Dolmabahçe Palace with its function and magnificence. The Medhal Hall encountered at the entrance, the crystal staircase that provides the connection with the upper floor and has the protocol feature, the Süferâ Hall where the ambassadors are hosted and the Red Room before the sultan; It is decorated and furnished to emphasize the historical grandeur of the empire. Zülvecheyn Hall on the upper floor; It creates a kind of transition space for the sultan’s apartment, which is specially reserved for him in Mâbeyn. Alabaster marble brought from Egypt was used for the Sultan on the walls of the bathhouse in this private apartment. There are also study rooms and dining and resting rooms where the sultan maintains his daily life. The library, which consists of the books of Caliph Abdülmecid Efendi, in the same section, is one of the remarkable places.

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