Hagia Sophia

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Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia is a historical museum in Istanbul. It was a basilica planned patriarchal cathedral built by the Byzantine Emperor Justinianus between the years 532-537 in the old city center of Istanbul, and was converted into a mosque by Fatih Sultan Mehmed in 1453 after Istanbul was taken by the Ottomans. It has been serving as a museum since 1935.

Hagia Sophia is a domed basilica type building that combines the basilica plan and the central plan in terms of architecture and is considered as an important turning point in the history of architecture with its dome transition and bearing system features.

The word “aya” in the name of Hagia Sophia comes from the word “holy, saint” and the word “sofia” from the word sophos, meaning “wisdom” in Ancient Greek. Therefore, the name of “aya sofia” means “sacred wisdom” or “divine wisdom” and is considered one of the three attributes of God in the Orthodox sect.

It is stated that approximately 10,000 workers worked and I. Justinianus spent a great fortune in the construction of Hagia Sophia, which was directed by famous scientists, physicist Milidus Isidoros and Tralles mathematician Anthemius. A feature of this very old building is that some columns, doors and stones used in its construction were brought from older buildings and temples than the building.

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